UNJLC Bulletin No. 32 Indian Ocean Tsunami Operation: INDONESIA
This Sitrep covers the logistics situation in Indonesia for both the Tsunami affected areas and the March 28 earthquake affected areas.
2. Critical Issues
4. Bilateral Support/CMCOORD/Transition to Civilian Operation
9. Geographic hubs
The Howu-Howu Foundation and the Cathay Seas Organization report that on 9 and 10 April, supplies / tent distributions caused some inter ? village rivalry when some beneficiaries were not able to be issued with relief aid. Spurred on by hunger and social jealousy crowds jostled and yelled for several hours.
This incident occurred in the vicinity of Teluk Dalam in southern Nias. Apparently, inaccessibility of some villages had resulted in these being overlooked in distributions.
Agencies/organizations need to ensure that sufficient supplies are at hand and that the supplies are distributed equitably: ideally utilising local inhabitants/partners in the distribution process.
2. CRITICAL ISSUES
A range of Map products focussing on NIAS island are available at www.unjlc.org. These latest products provide land, sea and air route information.
In Nias, at G. Sitoli, an urgent need for refuelling capacity has been identified. UNJLC Fuel specialist is assessing the need. All agencies and NGOs shipping supplies are requested to clearly mark
consignments with the name of the providing organisation and a brief description of contents.
This supports the prioritisation process and ensures that supplies are delivered to the correct receiving organisation.
No visibility of flight schedule from Medan-Nias and Banda Aceh-Nias. This information is vital for planning and scheduling purposes at least 24 hours in advance.
Bottleneck – Port in Sibolga. There is a back-log of trucks waiting to use the ferries transiting between Sibolga to G. Sitoli on Nias Island.
On 6 April, at the request of JLC Medan, the HC requested the Governor of N Sumatra to add capacity to the ferry service.
We have received reports that POSKO is adding 3 additional ferries to cover the route ? ETA 4 days.
WFP have chartered an additional vessel
Bottleneck – G. Sitoli on Nias Island. There is a backlog of empty trucks wishing to return from G. Sitoli to Sibolga on the mainland: large numbers of IDPs/pax moving onto the ferry are taking up the space intended for trucks.
At JLCs request, TNI and IOM are positioning coordinators at the port.
In Nias, there is a lack of capacity to move cargo inland to isolated areas from G. Sitoli. (Similar situation ex. G. Sitoli to the islands west and north of Nias.)
UNHAS and IFRC are adding helicopter assets BUT await fuel at airport.
Until fuel is delivered heli operations must be conducted from Sibolga (reduced flying time).
On 6 April, at the request of JLC Medan, HC requested the Governor of N Sumatra to work at providing fuel bowsers at the G. Sitoli airport to support the helicopter operations.
UNJLC Medan has suggested UNOCHA coordinate assessments for roads. In support of assessments (in general), helicopter assets are urgently required.
On 6 April, HC requested the Governor of N Sumatra to work at providing fuel bowsers at the G. Sitoli airport to support the helicopter operations.
UNHAS is working at providing a light and heavy helicopter to Sitoli as soon as JetA1 fuel is available.
An earthquake measuring at 6.7 on Richter scale hit West Sumatra on 10 April, at 17.29 local time, it was followed by 5 aftershocks.
The epicentre was in the Indian Ocean, 105 km southwest of Padang city, with a depth of 33 km. The affected areas include Padang city, Padang Pariaman, West Pasaman, Mentawai and South Coast areas.
No report on casualties and significant damages, but the quakes caused SOME panic.
The communication infrastructure in Mentawai is damaged, but the Department of Social Affairs was able to make contact through RAPI (Radio Antar Penduduk Indonesia or Indonesian Inter-Citizen Radio).
No significant damage and casualties have been reported in Mentawai.
In Nias / Simueleu / Banyak, the GoI reports that 632 people are confirmed dead and 2017 people are listed as missing as a result of the 28 March earthquake.
Governor of N. Sumatra announced that the SAR phase is over. The current phase is called ‘Recovery,’ and it is expected to last 2 more weeks. The final phase will be a 2-3 month ‘Reconstruction and Rehabilitation’ phase.
While challenges still remain with the internal distribution of relief items on both Simeulue and Nias the situation is gradually improving as roads are being cleared and more sea and air assets are made available.
The humanitarian community and the GoI (TNI) have shown great resolve in obtaining access to those areas by all available means.
In Nias/Simueleu, teams working in the affected areas have identified an urgent need for increased communications equipment.
WFP Indonesia has just revised its beneficiaries to 720,000 for the month of April; this includes both the tsunami-affected and recent earthquake affected beneficiaries on Nias and Simeulue. In May this number will be 805,000; this goes down to 780,000 from July through December.
UNJLC Medan, along with partners, UNOCHA, IOM and UNHAS, have opened a desk at the POSKO in Medan to assist the humanitarian community and the GoI with movement of relief aid.
4. MILITARY AND BILATERAL SUPPORT
USS Mercy and the Australian hospital ship Kambrima continue to support the medevac.
3 Singaporean Air Force (SAF) chinooks have ceased heli operations in Nias.
The Medan – Meulaboh road is now open for trucks up to 20 Tons.
Banda Aceh ? Meulaboh road route conditions:
In Babah Awe, about 2 km before Calang, the road condition is poor.
2 Km before Teunom the road is difficult to get through when it’s rainy.
7 Km before Meulaboh, the road is difficult to get through when it’s rainy.
A Joint team consisting of UNJLC, IOM and Atlas Logistique are conducting road assessment and mapping work from Banda Aceh to Meulaboh. New GPS data is being collected on this route to account or the shift in land mass (earthquake 26 December) and the re-routing of the road caused by the tsunami’s wave damage. (NB: There are two major bypasses along the road from Banda Aceh to Meulaboh, at Lho’nga-Leupung 5 km and at Lho kruet 5 km.)
Approximate time by 4WD car:
Banda Aceh-Lamno, 3-4 hours
Lamno-Calang, 3-4 hours
Calang-Meulaboh, 6 hours
Road assessments in Nias have been conducted by IOM, TNI, UNDAC, Wanadri (off road vehicle owner’s association) and UNJLC: these are available to any humanitarian community. Other rapid assessments on road/bridge conditions by agencies in the field: information from these teams is to be given to HIC in order to update maps.
GIS staff from UNJLC-Banda Aceh deployed to Nias to assist in Maps update
On April 10, UNJLC staff (2 GIS officers and 2 National staffs) travelled to South of Nias in a minibus.
General condition of the road: poor, a lots of fissures, narrow, sometimes are very steep and a lot of turns.
Hiligodu (12 km from Gunung Sitoli), road damaged, passable with small car.
Padoro Hunogo, damged, very difficult to get through.
Tegi Deu bridge, cracked, passable with 4×4 vehicle
Gunung Sitoli – Sirombu : 45 Km, 5-6 hours by minibus.
The road network to the south of the island, Teluk Dalam is now useable for cars and light trucks.
Separately, IOM reported that, to date, its fleet of trucks have carried 22,952MT of relief aid.
In Nias, IOM has made available a fleet of 30 vehicles for humanitarian community’s relief efforts. A further 20 light trucks are being sourced from Medan to boost the distribution fleet in Nias.
Agencies wanting to coordinate with IOM for road transport need to contact IOM 48 hrs prior to requirement.
Assessment along west coast is required. OCHA Medan are deploying an interagency assessment team to Singkil on Sunday, 10 April 05.
Road between Gunung Sitoli and Lahewa, 15 km are passable and 62 km are damaged. There are 5 broken bridges along the way: Afia, Muzoi, Totoi, Lafao and Tefau Bridge.
Alternative route between Gunung Sitoli and Lahewa are via sea by boat. Land route can only be passed by motorbike.
From Gunung Sitoli to Teluk Dalam, only 21 km are passable and the remaining 87 km are damaged, and there are 5 broken bridges: Gido sitie, Gido sebua, Laori, Siniri and Idano Gawo Bridge.
Heavy equipment (dump truck, excavator, bulldozer) providers in Nias: PT Tulung Agung, PT WIS, Medan, PT Adhi Karya, Medan Public Work (PU Medan).
Heavy equipment providers in Sibolga: PT Waskita Karya, Dalahewa and CV Moro’o.
Concern Indonesia has done an assessment on Bridge condition and coordinates position throughout Simeulue Island.
UNLC GIS Specialist is now working on the data provided by Concern map bridge conditions.
In Simueleu, a member of the UNDAC team is carrying out a GPS mapping of road and bridge damage along the west coast of the island. This information will be shared with the relevant partners, including TNI to assist them in their ongoing repair operations. TNI are currently concentrating on Sinabang and are reported to be making good progress with debris clearing and cleaning. In many areas outside Sinabang local people are carrying out emergency road repairs; however, these roads are not yet suitable for vehicles.
AusAID civil engineers have arrived to conduct assessments for a period of 2 weeks throughout the island, making use of the existing assessments available.
For the latest sea import procedures for Belawan Port (Medan) check the website ? These latest products provide land, sea and air route information. http://www.unjlc.org/content/index.phtml/itemId/28438
In Nias, the 4 main ports at Gurung Sitoli, Lahewa, Teluk Dalam and Sirombu are operational.
Due to shallow water at Sirombu, the landing craft from WFP was unable to dock: smaller fast watercraft was used to unload the goods.
Trasmindo V, LCT from Singapore arrived in Malahayati Port today. The ship was hired by a German organization to bring cargo to be donated to the PMI (Indonesian Red Cross).
WFP will have an LCT ready to go to Simeuleu Island and Nias (no stop at Sibolga) approximately within a week.
WFP reports that a new landing craft, Transindo 1, of 1000MT weight, has been added to the fleet supporting the on-going operations, bringing the number of vessels to five.
Landing craft Labitra Hanny loading 300 MT mixed commodities arrived Sinabang, Simuelue on 7 April.
She will complete discharge on 11 April.
On the ferry route Sibolga-G. Sitoli, POSKO is reportedly adding 3 additional ferries to cover the route ? ETA 4 days. IOM and POSKO are combining to coordinate ferry traffic.
In Nias / Simueleu, difficulties in distribution to the more remote areas are being overcome by use of small boats, such as those provided by AusAID.
At Sibolga, off-loading equipment is not available. Coordination, food, and off-loading equipment are required at the port.
Additional ferry for sea transport (Sibolga- G. Sitoli) is required on a
temporary basis to reduce the back-log.
Efforts underway by IOM to hire local port coordinators.
KMP Tanjung Burang departed from Malahayati Port to Simeulue Island at 0200hrs. The ship was hired by Turkey to carry 3 units of Excavators, 2 dump trucks, 1trailer and 8 cold diesel trucks.
The SurfAid team in Simeulue has distributed WHO medical supplies to the local Indonesian Red Cross. They have also started to distribute relief items via boat to the north-western coastal districts.
A CARE vessel, carrying WFP food, left for the north of Simeulue where they plan to distribute food rations.
LCT Trasindo has finished unloading cargo of PMI. The ship is now starting to load cargo for WFP to be delivered to Calang and Lamno. Cargo are rice, oil, fish, and noodle. There is also 2 mini earth movers from Oxfam.
The ship Maruta Jaya is currently loading supplies in Jakarta bound for Nias and Simuelue.
Projected arrival April 14 – 15 Nias island. Expect that the NGO Care will provide a full load.
May 1, 2005 (approximately) vessel to arrive in Banda Aceh, following which, the ship will be available for relief cargo transportation to Nias, Simeulue and Banyak Islands.
Please identify need, cargo details and port of origin. Contact: Margaret Jones, Executive Assistant, Windjammer Relief Effort. <!– var prefix = ‘ma’ + ‘il’ + ‘to’; var path = ‘hr’ + ‘ef’ + ‘=’; var addy88209 = ‘relief’ + ‘@’; addy88209 = addy88209 + ‘mainewindjammercruises’ + ‘.’ + ‘com’; var addy_text88209 = ‘relief’ + ‘@’ + ‘mainewindjammercruises’ + ‘.’ + ‘com’; document.write( ” ); document.write( addy_text88209 ); document.write( ” ); //–>\n firstname.lastname@example.org <!– document.write( ‘‘ ); //–> Phone: 207-236-0675 (USA)
Current UNHAS air assets:
3 x Puma (based in Banda Aceh)
4 x Mi-8 (2 based in Nias, 2 based in Banda Aceh)
2 x Twin Otter (one in Medan, one in Banda Aceh)
1 x Fokker 27 (short-term charter for cargo ex. Medan ? Nias /Banda Aceh)
An extra UNHAS Twin Otter is under discussion for flights between Nias and Medan. No ETA given.
UNHAS is planning to provide 2x Twin Otters for West Coast and out-island operations.
When JetA1 fuel is available on Nias, UNHAS plans to position 1 x Bell 212
Light Helicopter and 1 x Heavy lift (4 MT) helicopter in Nias airport.
UNJLC Medan has requested routine UNHAS air service be established to Nias and affected area, including out-islands.
The Fokker 27 is stationed at Medan, and carrying cargo to affected Nias area for a short period (1 week) to overcome the surge of humanitarian goods. A fuel expert would useful in Nias to make a quick assessment and recommendations.
POSKO and port staff have advised JLC that they have enough time-sensitive cargo to keep the Fokker busy for a further 5 days.
Fokker contract has been extended.
The fuel farm in Meulaboh fully operational. It has a capacity of 90,000L Jet A1 and can service helicopters and small fixed wing a/c. As at April 10, it had 31,120L fuel in stock. Establishment of routine UNHAS pax air-service to Sibolga and G. Sitoli is requested.
The USS Mercy Ship has collected HLZ (Helicopter Landing Zones) from all pilots and surveyed all sites for future use by larger helicopters.
This information will be shared with all humanitarian actors in due course.
USAID/OFDA-funded AirServ began air services from Banda Aceh to Nias this week beginning April 5.
The King Air plane flies twice a day six days a week.
An AirServ helicopter began operations in Nias on April 11.
This helicopter will be primarily used to aid with small medical missions operating in remote areas of the island.
If needed, the helicopter can also be used for similar purposes in Simeulue. Details are being worked out with UNJLC.
Helicopter assets are urgently required in G. Sitoli to conduct assessments and transport pax and cargo to isolated areas.
NB: IFRC is reportedly stationing a heavy lift helicopter capable of sling loads at the Sitoli airport. Sling loading will permit delivery in more remote areas.
Jet A1 fuel, in bowsers rather than barrels is urgently required at the airport in G. Sitoli.
UNHAS/UNJLC reports air/medivac of more than 280 casualties to April 12: this includes those evacuated from remote areas to Gunung Sitoli as well as those evacuated from Nias, Simueleu and surrounds to mainland Sumatra. The number requiring Medevac is reducing with each passing day.
For more detailed information on air operations go to the latest Air Operations Update http://www.unjlc.org/content/index.phtml/itemId/28253
WFP report a total 4 Wiikhalls will be set-up in Nias and Simeulue. A CARE warehouse in Simeulue is being used to temporarily to store WFP food.
In Nias, WFP has three permanent warehouses at the port.
9. GEOGRAPHIC HUBS ? Banda Aceh, Medan, Nias, Sibolga etc.
Nothing further to report.
Daily coordination meetings are held in Medan chaired by UNOCHA at 1000hrs at POSKO. Logistics issues are discussed in detail at this time.
There is ample storage space available at the warehouse for relief commodities at the Bandaranaike International Airport (BIA) at the moment. No storage shortage is expected in the foreseeable future.
A considerable amount of telecommunications equipment still remains to be collected from the airport warehouse. The Sri Lanka Airport Authority intends to contact the respective consignees in an attempt to swiftly clear the equipment out of the warehouse.
UNHCR is still in the process of completing the installment of a storage tent in Trincomalee. WFP is installing its last storage tent in Hambantota.
Transport / Trucking Capacity
IOM currently has a fleet of 72 lorries available.
There seems to be a sufficient commercial trucking capacity in the country and no shortage is expected in the foreseeable future.
Assessment of material transportation rates, labour rates, vehicle hire rates and construction materials rates in most of the tsunami affected districts are available at the following page of the UNJLC website: http://www.unjlc.org/content/index.phtml/itemId/29988
In spite of having been granted a demurrage waiver by the SLPA for its consignments stored at the Colombo port, UNHCR has not been able to collect containers stored in the container yard owned by a private company at the port. The private company is not willing to acknowledge the waiver unless it receives an official confirmation from the Ministry of Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Reconciliation. All in all 40 containers belonging to UNHCR are yet to be cleared at the Colombo port.
In order to obtain extended permit for telecommunication equipment previously admitted temporarily, requests containing detailed information on the envisaged timeframe of use in the country should be sent to the Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (TRC) as well as the Ministry of Public Security and Law and Order (MPSLO).
UNJLC’s Customs Expert left Sri Lanka on 8 April 2005.
Shelters / Tents:
IDP camps in the districts of Trincomalee, Batticaloa and Ampara were badly affected by the heavy rainfalls over the past week. Due to the twin factors of non-water resistant tents and the lack of proper drainage some IDPs in Trincomalee were relocated to school buildings last week. The Non Food Relief Items (NFRI) working group conducted an assessment of some of the camps to establish the extent of destruction and the immediate needs as a result, especially in light of the oncoming monsoon season. Several options have been tabled such as the provision of pallets to raise the sleeping areas, as there were reports of cases of soaked sleeping mats due to water on the ground.
Batticaloa and Ampara also experienced rains and floods, albeit not to the same extent as Trincomalee. IDPs were not relocated. The roofs of some tents in IDP camps in Batticaloa do not hold water and the drainage is poor in most of the camps. The Water and Sanitation Task Force and the Shelter Task Force are looking into the situation of tents and drainage. It has become a matter of urgency to address these issues in light of the imminent monsoon season.
UN vehicles have been subject to checks recently when entering the LTTE controlled area of Vaharai in Batticaloa. Reportedly, the LTTE is implementing a pass system under which UN and NGOs vehicles are stopped and registered in order to prevent other factions from entering the division undetected. After talks between the UN and the LTTE leaders in the area UN was assured that their vehicles and staff would be exempted from such controls in the future. However, vehicles of NGOs might still continue to be subject to checks. The LTTE has expressed a particular concern about
vehicles of NGOs travelling through the division, particularly Sinhalese contractors working on NGO shelter programmes.
Infrastructure Task Force
On the 11 April 2005, a meeting was organised by the UN in Katchcheri to present the revived Infrastructure Task Force, which is starting to take on a great importance in moving the work of the other Task Forces ahead. UNJLC Batticaloa was requested to provide support by establishing the following terms of reference and diagram of the Task Force from a logistical point of view.
ToR for the Infrastructure Task Force
DOMAIN OF INTERVENTION
Debris, lagoon and coastal clearing
Water and sanitation
*Work assessment to be implemented at the infrastructure level.
*Activities assessment related to the infrastructures, already in course of
*Activities assessment related to the infrastructures, carried out by the
government and other stakeholder.
Classify of the activities by set of priorities.
Plan follow-up of activities.
Establish an overall picture of work.
Provide support for the drawing-up of contracts.
Communicate to all stakeholders the terms of reference of the Infrastructure Task Force.
Inform all stakeholders of the needs with regard to necessary works and material.
Publish to the stakeholders the procedures and standards in force to be respected. Communicate to the stakeholder’s activity reports.
Communicate planning of activities.
Set up regular meetings.
Establish a system of control of the standards in force.
Follow-up of the implementation at the execution level.
Secure and support the supply chain.
Diagram can be accessible on the Indian Ocean Section of the UNJLC website. www.unjlc.org
Semi Permanent Shelters
Regarding semi-permanent shelter, the process is very slow even if most of the agencies have construction materials in their warehouses. It seems that the problem is a result of the implementation process, and also the allocation of land and the wish of a large number of IDPs to move straight to permanent plots, rather than a lack of supply of materials. As the agencies involved in the construction are under pressure it seems that the process of building is now starting and progress can be detected at relocation sites. But, there is still a great need for semi-permanent shelter.
The GoSL plans to introduce a monitoring system for I/NGOs in order to get them to work on national action plans, according to the local Daily News. According to the paper the Ministry of Social Services is in charge of monitoring NGOs activities and that NGOs will have to adhere to the requirements of national plans, designed by the GoSL. The Ministry plans to hold meetings with I/NGOs to introduce the various national action plans. One such meeting already took place in the Southern Province according to the paper and other meetings are scheduled in Trincomalee on 20 April and subsequently in Colombo.
Train operations on the coastal railway line were fully restored on 11 April with the completion of work on the Pinwatte Bridge damaged by the tsunami. The reopened bridge will facilitate train operations on two lines up to Kalutara north. According to the Railways Department the reopening of the bridge will rectify the 20 minutes delay in train operations on the coastal line after the tsunami.
UNJLC is an inter-agency facility reporting during an emergency to the Humanitarian Coordinator and overall to the Inter-Agency Standing Committee. Its mandate is to coordinate and optimize the logistics capabilities of humanitarian organizations in large-scale emergencies. UNJLC operates under the custodianship of WFP who is responsible for the administrative and financial management of the Centre. UNJLC is funded from voluntary contributions channeled through WFP. More information on UNJLC in general and on the South Asia operation can be viewed on the UNJLC website (www.unjlc.org)